Seachem Marine Buffer
Marine Buffer® will safely raise marine pH to 8.3. It will not raise pH above 8.3 even if inadvertently overdosed. Marine Buffer® is a blended product and is not just sodium bicarbonate or sodium carbonate, commonly sold as a substitute. Such products can raise pH to dangerous levels if not used properly. Marine Buffer® contains sodium, magnesium, calcium, strontium, and potassium salts of carbonate, bicarbonate, chloride, sulfate, and borate. Use Seachem’s MultiTest™: Marine pH & Alkalinity to check pH and total alkalinity. Use Marine Trace™ to restore the proper level of trace and feed NutriDiet® Marine Flakes for thriving, healthy saltwater fish.
Total Alkalinity is a measurement of three main ions: carbonate, bicarbonate, and borate. In saltwater, bicarbonate drives the pH toward 7.8, carbonate drives pH toward 9.1, and borate toward 9.5 or more. Because of the chemistry of buffering systems, the closer you get the pH to the pK of a buffering system, the harder it is for the pH to shift. So, if you blend a buffer so that the combined product drives the pH toward 8.3, then the more you use, the more stable the pH becomes. That is the principle behind Marine Buffer™. It is a blended buffer that drives and holds your pH at 8.3 because of the blend. The catch to this seemingly simple solution is that most salt mixes contain substantial amounts of bicarbonate salts. This shifts the pK of the buffering system further towards 7.8, and a buffer that shoots for 8.3 will never quite get there. Thus, the pK of Marine Buffer is actually slightly higher than 8.3 in order to combat the influx of bicarbonate at every water change. Marine Buffer™ was the first buffer on the market which contained borate salts (which make a saltwater buffering system much more stable), and Marine Buffer™ remains the most effective pH buffer on the market for marine aquaria.
Add 5 g (1 level teaspoon) for each 80 L (20 US gallons). For precise dosing, use the Seachem Digital Spoon Scale. Dissolve in at least one cup of freshwater. This dose will also raise alkalinity by about 1 meq/L. Add daily until pH stabilizes at 8.3. This will take from a day to a week, depending on original pH and alkalinity. Thereafter, use biweekly or monthly to maintain a pH of 8.3.
If this practice is not adequate, then overstocking, overfeeding, or other poor management practice should be sought as a likely cause. In ionically balanced marine water, Marine Buffer® produces little precipitate or cloudiness. If an extensive precipitate forms upon addition of Marine Buffer® that does not dissolve within ~15 minutes, then poor ionic balance was present. A water change should be initiated when convenient before further use of the product. Effectiveness improves with continued use. Do not directly mix with any calcium, magnesium, or strontium supplement.
Coverage - The A360X Refugium includes a Narrow Reflector that will prevent unwanted light spillage in your sump. The Narrow Reflector attachment increases the penetration of the light and reduces spread to 24"x 24" from the standard 36" x 36".
Blue Spectrum - The Blue spectrum accelerates the growth of a plant at any stage by encouraging prolific stem extension. Use this for refugiums with predominantly soft corals (pulsing xenia, etc).
Grow Spectrum - The Grow spectrum is designed to produce vegetative growth throughout the life cycles of many different Macroalgaes. Use this for refugiums with mostly macroalgae (including, but not limited to, cheato, caulerpa, gracilaria, and dragon breath).
Bloom Spectrum - The Bloom spectrum boosts yield by encouraging flowering during the plants crucial reproductive stage. Use this to promote growth on any type of flowering plant.
Red Spectrum - The Red spectrum is designed to facilitate tissue culture and cloning by promoting maximum root growth at any point in a plant’s life cycle. This wavelength is most commonly used to increase the plant's productivity and quality of harvest in terrestrial plants.
Daylight Mode - Use the pure white daylight mode to illuminate the sump for cleaning or taking photos.
Green Light Mode - Use the green light to monitor plants without disrupting the plant’s growth cycle. This spectrum is only available with the WiFi Dongle.
Adjustable - Switch the spectrum depending on the phase of the plant growth.
Increased Durability - Designed for the harsh sump environments, the A360 Refugium is water-resistant.
Vortex Fan - Our innovative heat management system enhances longevity and cooling efficiency.
Compatible with the Kessil WiFi Dongle. Daisy-chained the A360X Refugium main tank lights for seamless independent control from a single device. Spectral Controller-X support coming soon.
Dashboard - A summary page to see the status of all the connected Dongles and A360Xs in one glance.
Group - Dongles and daisy-chained A360Xs can be easily grouped and assigned different programs for advanced settings.
Manual Mode - Directly adjust color and intensity for on-demand light customization.
Quick Set - Program the A360X Refugium to turn on overnight while primary tank lights are inactive.
Dimensions - 2.67" x 4.3" / 6.8cm x 11cm (H x D)
Spectrum - Blue, Grow, Bloom, Red, Daylight, Green
Components: 2 suction cups 2 practice pipes. Rubber for bending
Diameter 8 mm
~ 50liter tank
HOW TO BEND FOR EXTEND TYPE
1. Insert rubber cord into the pipe
2. Heat by turning the pipe to the width of 1 ~ 2cm of the bending point
3. Bend the pipe as you like against the top of tank
4. Remove the rubber after 20 seconds setting
※ For finer bubbles, put it in water for 10 minute before use.
※ If the bubble become bigger, put diffuser in bleach for 5 minute. After that, remove the bleach and use it.
※ Keep out of reach of children and pet.
PRECAUTION FOR EXTEND TYPE
※ Be careful of fire or burns during bending
※ Heating the fire to only one point can cause incomplete results
※ Once bended or heated, there is no return or compensation.
※ If the pipe is deformed once, it may be damaged by applying force or reheating.
Diameter 8 mm
~ 50liter tank
Diameter 12 mm
~ 100liter tank