Brightwell Aquatics Zooplanktos-S
Brightwell Aquatics Zooplanktōs-S is a concentrated suspension of phytoplankton-enriched, adult Brachionus sp. (rotifers), their eggs, and the eggs of another group of crustaceans; the result is a food source rich in amino acids, fatty acids including omega-3 HUFAs, vitamins, minerals, and carotenoid pigments giving them a natural, bright yellow appearance. These prey items fall within the microplankton (20.0 - 200.0µm) and mesoplankton (200.0 - 2,000.0µm) classes of plankton. They are the proper size for feeding many species of stony corals (particularly those with short tentacles), as well as clams and other bivalves, sponges, tunicates (sea squirts), plumed worms (Christmas tree worms, feather dusters, etc.), larval crustaceans and bivalves, juvenile fishes, and the adults of planktivorous fishes (such as anthias, basslets, psuedochromids, dartfishes, chromis, etc.) and microinvertebrate-predators (such as mandarinfishes, some gobies, dwarf wrasses, etc.).
Though Zooplanktōs-S provides a number of amino acids, one that is not naturally present has been added; this proprietary amino acid has been shown in studies to increase coloration of corals and other marine invertebrates. Additionally, a small percentage of vitamin-C is present to increase the benefits of Zooplanktōs-S, particularly to corals and their allies that have recently undergone fragmenting or propagation.
Zooplanktōs-S may be used in conjunction with other planktonic suspensions to provide a complete range of sizes to filter-feeding and planktivorous organisms.
Zooplanktōs-S does not require refrigeration, however storage in a cool, shaded area will prolong the activity of the vitamins. Refrigeration will maximize the shelf-life of the product.
Instructions and Guidelines
Shake product well before using. Turn protein skimmer and other forms of mechanical filtration off prior to adding food suspensions to aquaria, and allow 10 - 15 minutes after feeding before resuming operation of filtration.
Target Feeding (recommended): Target feeding may be carried out with a lengthy piece of rigid air tubing, plastic syringe, pipette, dropper, or similar device; pour 5 ml (1 capful) into a small container and suck a portion of this into the feeding device, then slowly discharge the contents of the device 2 - 4” upstream of the target organism(s). Repeat these steps as deemed necessary. Rinse the portion (inside and outside) of the feeder that was placed into aquarium water before placing it into this bottle (if feeding directly from the bottle rather than from a separate container); failure to do so will contaminate the product and encourage it to decompose.
Broadcast Feeding: Add up to 5 ml per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system in an area of rapid water movement daily for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be increased as desired.
Notes: Add no more than 5 ml total of liquid food suspensions per 50 gallons of water in the entire aquarium system daily for the first four weeks of use; thereafter, the dosage may be gradually increased as desired. Starting out at a low dosage and gradually increasing it with time will allow the biological filtration in the aquarium to adjust to the increase in nutrients and prevent water quality from deteriorating.
Planktonic food suspensions (such as this one) are best utilized by target feeding specific invertebrates in an aquarium; in doing so, the majority of the food may be consumed by the intended organisms rather than ending up in filtration media or indirectly impacting water quality (as often occurs when indescriminately “broadcast feeding” by adding liquid food suspensions to a stream of water and allowing the contents to disperse randomly throughout the aquarium system).
Caution: Keep out of reach of children. Not for human consumption.
Moisture (max) 99.30%, crude protein (min) 0.34%, crude fat (min) 0.35%, crude fiber (min) 0.12%.
Purified water, Brachionus sp. (zooplankton), unhatched Brachionus sp. and crustacean eggs, proprietary amino acids, Ascorbic acid, Citric acid.
Trace & Minor Elements for Rainbow Fishes, Blue-Eyes & other Tropic Fishes of Australia & New Guinea
Unique complex that provides trace and minor elements in ratios found to be beneficial to rainbowfish and other fishes that share the same waters of origin.
Provides minor and trace elements utilized in important neurological and metabolic reactions, and which are incorporated into natural bio-pigments for coloration.
Replaces minor and trace elements used by aquarium inhabitants, and which are lost through chemical filtration (use of filtration media such as resins and activated carbon).
Composed of purified water and ultra-high purity materials.
Does not significantly increase GH or KH.
Formulated utilizing extensive research on the chemistry of the waters naturally-inhabited by rainbowfishes and blue-eyes, as well as their trace and minor element requirements.
The role that trace and minor elements play with rainbowfishes and other fishes is related to neurological and metabolic processes (in which these elements play critical roles), as well as overall coloration (trace and minor elements are often at the core of pigments known to enhance coloration); of these aspects, it is coloration that is often most important to the rainbowfish enthusiast, as few experienced hobbyists will deny that male rainbowfish displaying to a female are some of the most brilliantly-colored fishes maintained in captivity. Dosing a trace and minor supplement with every water change performed is an effective method of delivering these substances for maximum benefit.
Rainbowfishes and their allies, the Blue-eyes, are native to all manner of water bodies throughout New Guinea and parts of Australia. Water chemistry in these systems varies from moderately-acidic to -alkaline, and extremely-soft to -hard; while it is generally unnecessary to maintain water parameters for a given species exactly like those of their native habitat, it’s sensible to approximate these parameters (e.g. moderately-hard water and alkaline pH for species native to habitats featuring these conditions, and vice versa for fishes hailing from soft-water, acidic waters) for long-term health of the fish. That stated, the majority of rainbowfishes (with few exceptions) adapt well to a general hardness of 9 - 12 dGH (150 - 200 ppm) and pH of 6.5 - 7.5, though some may require harder or softer conditions (Blue-eyes inhabit coastal environments and do well in varying degrees of brackish water; for other species’ requirements, consult a reputable text). Maintaining immeasurable ammonia and nitrite, and <20 ppm nitrate, is more important than attaining specific pH and dGH values for long-term health of rainbowfishes.
A number of popular ornamental fish species, such as various gudgeons, gobys, and scats are often found in the same waters in which rainbowfishes and blue-eyes originate; hence, RainboCode may also be used in aquaria housing these fishes with equal success.
Instructions and Guidelines
Shake product well before using.
Community Rainbowfish Aquaria: Add ½ ml (~10 drops) of product per 25 US-gallons of aquarium water every other day. When used in this fashion, 250 ml treats up to 2,500 US-gallons (9,464 L).
Biotope Aquaria: As noted opposite, the water conditions that rainbowfishes and blue-eyes originate from in the wild is wide-ranging. It is therefore sensible to use different dosages of this product for biotope aquaria in which fishes with different requirements are housed. Use the following dosages as a general guideline for each biotope aquarium, and increase or decrease dosage as deemed necessary by the appearance of the inhabitants and overall aquarium.
Rainbowfishes endemic to acidic pH habitats: Add ¼ ml (~5 drops) of product per 25 US-gallons of aquarium water every other day.
Rainbowfishes endemic to alkaline pH habitats: Add ½ ml (~10 drops) of product per 25 US-gallons of aquarium water every other day.
Blue-eyes: Add ¾ ml (~15 drops) of product per 25 US-gallons of aquarium water every other day.
Note that starting out at a dosage of ½ those recommended above and then gradually increasing the dosage over a period of weeks is often a good practice to follow in aquaria that have not received any previous trace and minor element supplementation; doing so will not cause any harm to aquarium inhabitants, and will enable you to notice subtle changes in the appearance of the system that indicate the effectiveness and need for the product. Though trace and minor elements are essential to critical biological processes, their gross overdosing can be harmful to aquarium inhabitants. Minor and trace elements are made unavailable in aquaria largely by adsorption to particulate organic matter (POM); therefore, aquaria with large amounts of latent organic material may require slightly heavier dosing of this product to compensate for that which is bound. Note that activated carbon will remove trace and minor elements both passively and actively.
Zinc (min) 0.015 mg/oz.; Iron (min) 0.0016 mg/oz.; Manganese 0.00086 mg/oz.; (min) Cobalt (min) 0.000086 mg/oz.
Purified water, species specific, appropriate minor and trace minerals
Water Chemistry Adjustment in all East African Cichlid Aquaria
Adjusts the chemistry of purified water to approximate that of Lake Malawi, which is able to accomodate cichlids hailing from all three of the East African Great Lakes (Malawi, Tanganyika, and Victoria). Does not increase alkalinity (carbonate hardness).
Provides the proper ratios of calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, and sulfate, as dictated by limnological surveys of Lake Malawi.
Formulated by a marine scientist.
Though the water chemistry in Lakes Victoria, Malawi, and Tanganyika is different, Rift Lake Chemie provides a good basis in which cichlids and other fishes endemic to the distinct lakes may be successfully maintained. This is because it is formulated to provide the major elements in ratios derived from extensive water analysis surveys; it is therefore possible to maintain a mixed-cichlid community with water that has been prepared with Rift Lake Chemie. This supplement does not increase alkalinity, nor does it contain minor or trace elements important to long-term health and coloration of cichlids and their allies; used as directed, Brightwell Aquatics Rift Lake dKH and CichlidCode will accomplish these tasks.
Instructions and Guidelines
Do not add this product directly to an aquarium without first diluting in water as directed.
Basic Instructions and Guidelines: Dissolve 2 grams (~½ teaspoon) of product per 20 US-gallons of aquarium water in 8-fl. oz. of fresh water; add this solution to aquarium to establish proper water chemistry and when performing water changes.
Advanced Instructions and Guidelines: Create a stock solution by dissolving 8 grams (~2 teaspoons) of Rift Lake Chemie in 8-fl. oz. of fresh water (preferably purified); each ml of stock sol’n will increase the total dissolved solids (TDS) in 1 US-gallon (3.785 L) of water by ~13.7 ppm or ~0.12 dGH. [Reference: Each g of Rift Lake Chemie will increase the TDS in 1 US-gallon (3.785 L) of water by 428.7 ppm.] If initial TDS in aquarium is below desired level, add stock sol’n at maximum rate of 10 ml per 20 US-gallons daily until desired TDS is attained, then dose as needed and add to purified water when performing water changes. Maintain TDS within a range of +/-20 ppm. A sensible starting point when maintaining specific rift lake biotopes is to use the following TDS guidelines: Lake Victoria: 75 - 125 ppm; Lake Malawi: 150 - 200 ppm; Lake Tanganyika: 425 - 475 ppm.
Balanced monovalent and multivalent cation mixture with appropriate anions and trace minerals to replicate natural rift lake waters.
Natural sand with bacteria which can be used without washing!
Size grain: 1mm or less
|Size of aquarium (water capacity)||Amount of this product|
|Aquarium with fish||Aquatic plants only|
|Small aquarium (up to about 10 L)||1 bag or more||2 bags or more|
|Width 30 cm water tank (about 20 L)||2 bags or more||4 bags or more|
|Width 45 cm water tank (about 35 L)||6 bags or more||12 bags or more|
$2.00Gold Ring Danio (Danio tinwini)