Brightwell Aquatics Liquid Reef 250mL
Brightwell Aquatics Liquid Reef has twice the calcium relative to carbonates as compared to natural aragonite, making it a very powerful calcium source. The active components of Liquid Reef are provided by a combination of sources and include natural aragonite, increasing the solubility of the solution and the effectiveness of the method. Silicate- and phosphate-free. Examples of reef-building organisms familiar to hobbyists are: stony corals and their allies; molluscs including clams (bivalves) and snails (gastropods); tube worms that secrete calcareous burrows; and calcareous algae such as coralline, Halimeda, and Penicilus. These organisms require that the components of aragonite be in adequate concentrations if they are to thrive, regardless of how perfect the remainder of their environment is. The advantage to this method of supplementation is that one product may be used to establish and maintain water parameters conducive to reef formation. Note that target ion-specific supplementation may be called for in some aquaria, depending upon stocking density of reef-building organisms and environmental conditions within the system. Additionally, hobbyists may choose to use Liquid Reef in conjunction with other methods of calcium, strontium, magnesium, and carbonate supplementation as a means of diversifying their dosing routine. The rate at which calcium and carbonates are extracted from the water is determined by the stocking density of reef-building livestock, type of lighting, and other conditions; therefore, each aquarium will have different requirements for the rate of supplementation.
*Aragonite composition is seen to vary slightly between regions; the specific ratios of target ions in Liquid Reef are based upon data available for aragonite originating in the Tropical Atlantic.
Instructions and Guidelines
Basic: Shake product well before using. Add 5 ml (1 capful) of product per 50 US-gallons of aquarium water every other day or as needed to maintain the calcium concentration within a range of 412 - 450 ppm. When used in this fashion, 250 ml treats up to 2,500 US-gallons (9,464 L). Liquid Reef may temporarily cloud aquarium water after addition, therefore it is recommended that the product be dosed at night. Advanced: Determine the calcium concentration in the aquarium using an accurate test kit before supplementing. Shake this product well before each use. Liquid Reef may temporarily cloud aquarium water after addition, therefore it is recommended that the product be dosed at night. Each ml of Liquid Reef will increase the concentration of calcium (“[Ca2+]”) in 1 US-gallon (3.785 L) of water by approximately 37 ppm. If the initial [Ca2+] in the aquarium is below 412 ppm, add this product at the maximum rate of 10 ml per 30 US-gallons daily until the desired calcium concentration is attained, then dose daily or weekly as needed (see below). Always try to maintain the [Ca2+] within a range of +/-10 ppm. To determine the dosing rate of this product once the desired [Ca2+] has been acquired, measure the daily rate of calcium uptake (i.e. the decrease in calcium) in your aquarium by measuring the [Ca2+] at the same time each day over a one- to two-week period. To determine the daily dosing rate (preferable to weekly dosing) for calcium maintenance: estimate the volume of water in the entire aquarium system; divide the daily decrease in [Ca2+] by 37; multiply this number by the volume of water in the system to get the daily dosage required (ml) to maintain a stable [Ca2+]. Daily dosing maintains a more stable [Ca2+] (and more natural environment) than dosing weekly, in which the [Ca2+] spikes just after dosing and then gradually decreases throughout the course of the week.
Caution: May cause eye or skin irritation. Flush with water for 15 minutes if in eyes, seek medical attention if irritation persists. Keep out of reach of children. Not for human consumption.
Calcium (min) 4,140 mg/oz. (140,000 ppm)
Carbonate (min) 3,100 mg/oz. (104,800 ppm)
Strontium (min) 80 mg/oz. (2,715 ppm)
Magnesium (min) 11 mg/oz. (386 ppm)
Potassium (min) 0.60 mg/oz. (20.6 ppm)
Purified water, Aragonite, Sulfate-, and Chloride-salts of Calcium, Strontium, Magnesium, and Potassium
Tunze Co2 Pressure Reducer 7077/3
Precision device with fine adjustment for standard CO2 cylinders, thread in keeping with German standard DIN 477 (US version with CGA 320 thread). To be mounted without tools; precise adjustment; two pressure gauges; pressure-relief valve. Made in Germany.
Dennerle CO2 Night Cut-off Valve Comfort
For magnificent plant growth, DENNERLE recommends a CO2 content in the aquarium of approx. 20 mg/l.
As certain correlations apply between CO2 content, carbonate hardness (CH) and pH value, the CO2 content in the water can be calculated according to a simple procedure:
Measure the carbonate hardness of your aquarium water.
Read the pH value which corresponds to the desired CO2 content from the table. You should set this pH value +/- 0.1 by adjusting the number of bubbles accordingly. Example: Carbonate hardness 4 °d, recommended pH 6.8 +/- 0.1.
The procedure is even simpler with the DENNERLE CO2 long-term test Correct + pH.
$18.00Dymax Base Soil series decreases the hardness of the water and lower the pH level to the degree at which most aquatic plants can consume nutrients and comfortably grow. The soil granules maintain the shape and density underwater security good circulation of water oxygen through the substrate. With Dymax Base Soil, growing difficult plants become easier and it is ideal for fishes demanding soft water.
XStream-E Wave Pump
24V WAVE PUMP INCLUDING MINI CONTROLLER
CIRCULATION AND STREAM PUMP WITH ELECTRONIC CONTROL
XSTREAM-E incorporates the new DC technology and is ideal to be used in advanced marine tanks to create the most natural waves. An adjustable flow rate and 4 pre-set timing programs embody all what is needed for any easy and professional aquarium care.
DETAILS: The controller features 5 LED lights indicating both speed and 4 pre-set timing programs: