Concentrated Nitrogen Source & Growth Accelerant for all Planted Aquaria
Nitrogen is required by plants in the largest amounts of the three major (macro) nutrients: nitrogen, phosphorus, and potassium. Nitrogen is a part of all living cells and is a requisite of the metabolic processes in which proteins, amino acids, coenzymes, and nucleic acids are created. It is an integral part of chlorophyll manufacture through photosynthesis, the process in which light energy is utilized to convert carbon dioxide into carbohydrates, which is in turn used to provide the energy for growth and development.
A percentage of the nitrogen in aquaria is contributed as ammonia and ammonium, components of fish waste and the decomposition of nitrogen-bearing molecules, such as latent dissolved and particulate organic material, however this is not always sufficient to meet the nitrogen requirements posed by plants. Particularly in heavily-planted aquaria with intense lighting, CO2 supplementation, and/or a minimal stocking of fish, nitrogen can become a limiting nutrient in plant growth; in extreme cases, it can lead to chlorosis, in which the leaves become pale (particularly on older foliage, which tend to be on the periphery). Nitrogen deficiency tends to cause new leaves to be smaller and paler than normal, and overall plant growth to be stunted.
The source of nitrogen utilized in FlorinGro is derived from nitrate compounds. While plants unquestionably make use of ammonium and the constituents of urea very effectively, our experience and extensive research dictate that these compounds be excluded from FlorinGro as a result of the clear danger they pose to fishes and other non-plant aquarium inhabitants when aquarium pH is greater than 7.0; we feel that these nitrogen sources are useful to aquatic botanists and horticulturists, but that they are not suited to use in an aquarium. Nitrogen should primarily be present as nitrate and maintained at a concentration of less than 20 ppm. In addition to nitrogen, magnesium, iron, and potassium are important to chlorophyll production. Maintaining a total iron concentration of 0.05 - 0.10 ppm, magnesium concentration of ~5 ppm, and potassium concentration of 15 - 30 ppm, is recommended.
Instructions and Guidelines
Shake product well before using. The most effective method of using any ion-specific supplement is to determine the ionic concentration in the aquarium prior to supplementing. Maintain the nitrate concentration within a range of 10 - 20 ppm; it is not recommended to exceed 25 ppm nitrate in planted aquaria housing fishes and invertebrates.
Basic: Add 5 ml (1 capful) of product per 50 US-gallons (189.3 L) of aquarium water every other day or as required; this corresponds to 1 ml (~8 drops) per 10 US-gallons (37.9 L). When used in this fashion, 250 ml treats up to 2,500 US-gallons (9,464 L).
Advanced: Determine the nitrate concentration (“[NO3-]”) in the aquarium using an accurate test kit before supplementing. Each ml of FlorinGro will increase the [NO3-] in 1 US-gallon (3.785 L) of water by 17.5 ppm. Each drop (250- and 500-ml cap) will increase the [NO3-] in 1 US-gallon (3.785 L) of water by 2.2 ppm, and the [NO3-] in 20 US-gallons (75.7 L) by 0.11 ppm. If the initial [NO3-] in the aquarium is below 20 ppm, add this product at the maximum rate of 1 ml per 5 US-gallons daily until the desired concentration is attained, then dose daily or weekly as needed (see below). Always attempt to maintain the [NO3-] within a range of +/-2 ppm. To determine the dosing rate of this product once the desired [NO3-] has been acquired, measure the daily rate of nitrate uptake (i.e. the decrease in nitrate) in your aquarium by measuring the aquarium's [NO3-] at the same time each day over a one- to two-week period. To determine the daily dosing rate (preferable to weekly dosing) for nitrate maintenance: estimate the volume of water in the entire aquarium system; divide the daily decrease in [NO3-] by 17.5; multiply this number by the volume of water in the system to get the daily dosage required (ml) to maintain a stable [NO3-]. Daily dosing maintains a more stable [NO3-] (and more natural environment) than dosing weekly, in which the [NO3-] spikes just after dosing and then gradually decreases throughout the course of the week. Heavily-planted aquaria with intense lighting, CO2 supplementation, and low- to moderate-stocking density of fishes are likely to see the most dramatic results from nitrogen supplementation. Start at a low dosage and increase it as required, but do not overdose regardless of the temptation to do so.
The Fluval FX series stands for high-performance and reliability. Made in Italy, the FX4 canister filter is a compact counterpart of the FX6. FX4 is suitable for those upgrading from Fluval 406. Fluval FX4 is recommended for both freshwater and saltwater aquariums up to 1000 L (250 US Gal).
Easy to Use & Maintain
$19.30Kent Zoe is a superior vitamin complex for Marine Fish, Invertebrates, and desirable algae. (Zoe does not contain phosphates as most competing vitamin supplements do, and will not cause unsightly algae growth!) It contains aquaculture grade vitamins, meaning that they are still active after one year in your aquarium! It is unique because it also contains natural minerals from spirulina and kelp sources. Competing products are preserved with glycerin, which is an alcohol and requires 50% concentration to preserve. Zoe is properly preserved, using less than ½% preservatives, yet has a 4 year shelf life with no refrigeration. Just smell the difference!
Features & Benefits
GENTLY MIXES YOUR CALCIUM HYDROXIDE
Kalk Stirrer (Nilsen Reactor) carries a high torque, low RPM and low voltage motor, that not only gently mixes your calcium hydroxide (kalkwasser), it is also one of the quietest in the market.
This method is not only ideal but is also the safest way of introducing the freshest kalkwasser to a reef system. Our Kalk Stirrer is designed to keep the undissolved particles at the bottom of the reactor chamber while always leaving the clear, highly saturated kalkwasser liquid at the top. Adding kalk powder is easy with just a few twists of the large thumb screws releasing the seal-tight lid for quick and easy refills.
NO NEED FOR PESKY POWERHEADS
With the built in Power Head, matched to the exact specification of our Kalkwasser Reactor, there is no need for frequent cleaning, and no more risky dosing with large vats of lime water which take up valuable space. There is no need for premixing or worry about clogging when using our innovative and efficient Kalk Stirrer (Nilsen Reactor) which are extremely easy to use and salt-water safe, making them simply the most economical and best kalk reactor in the market.
* Please do not run the Kalk Stirrer unit continuously.
For tanks up to 400L, maximum flow rate 880L/H, maximum head height 0.8m.
Features & Benefits
Our Bio Churn reactors are for those that demand the ultimate control over your Bio pellets solid carbon dosing. The superior “Churn” Style” design easily fluidizes large amounts of bio pellet media without blasting it with outrageous flow just to fluidize the media, which is a commonly found on other Bio Pellet reactors in the market today.
The unique motion these innovative reactors produce allow for much greater suspension of the media in a cyclone “churn” style motion created with our patent pending churn plate. Equipped with our very own Aquatrance recirculation pumps which features independent flow valves, so the user can independently control the flow of media within the reactor.
Our Bio Churn Reactors come in four Series including the in-sump, External/Recirculating and the Commercial line. For the ultimate control of PO4 & NO3 look no further than the Bio Churn.