Power Sand is the base of the Nature Aquarium substrate. Power Sand is composed of porous volcanic stones to secure proper water circulation and of organic materials including fertile peat to provide rich nutrients to aquatic plant roots. Ideal conditions for bacterial activity and development of plant roots are created and maintained for long periods with Power Sand.
The growth of aqua plants like Echinodorus or Cryptocoryne, plants that absorb nutrients from its root, largely depends upon the amount of nutrients within the substrate. Unlike ordinary Power Sand, Power Sand Special provides more minerals and nutrients to the substrate, as it also contains Bacter 100 and Clear Super.
WATER CIRCULATION IN THE SUBSTRATE WITH POWER SAND
Water circulation. A new substrate has a good circulation of water which carries oxygen to stimulate bacterial activity and the development of plant roots. This is the ideal condition of substrate, in order to establish a balanced ecosystem. After some time, however, various factors may cause problems in the substrate.
Although problems would not appear at early stages, a substrate with only one kind of granule does not provide enough water circulation down to the bottom In a short time. Waste matters from plants and plant roots block the space between granules and obstruct the water circulation.
Water pressure. Some time after setup, water pressure or calcium in the water hardens the substrate. At this time, water circulation within the substrate is obstructed and bacterial activity declines. Such a condition causes problems in root development and growth of aquatic plants. The mixed substrate with Power Sand at the bottom secures good water circulation due to the shape and size of the granules. Even when aquatic plants have been growing for long periods and waste matter accumulates, Power Sand composed of porous volcanic stones maintains proper water circulation.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PLANT ROOTS AND BACTERIA WITHIN THE SUBSTRATE
Silt gathers around plant roots and provides a good medium for bacterial colonization. Proper functions of bacteria, through their nitrifying processes, change ammonia to nitrogen compounds which are then consumed by aquatic plants through their roots.
Oxygen- Sufficient supply of oxygen is vital for aerobic bacteria. Insufficient oxygen prompts the activity of anaerobic bacteria which produce toxic substances such as nitrous acid.
Nutrients in Power Sand- Nutrients contained in Power Sand are slowly dissolved and absorbed by plant roots.
Fertilizer in the substrate- Organic matter in Power Sand or other bottom fertilizers such as Multi Bottom or Iron Bottom, can be absorbed by aquatic plants, only when they are broken down to inorganic matter by bacteria.
Fertile peat- Works effectively to stimulate the establishment of association between bacteria and aquatic plants.
Use Power Sand Special "L" (medium size granule) for aquariums over 24 in. (60cm) heights.
$18.00Dymax Base Soil series decreases the hardness of the water and lower the pH level to the degree at which most aquatic plants can consume nutrients and comfortably grow. The soil granules maintain the shape and density underwater security good circulation of water oxygen through the substrate. With Dymax Base Soil, growing difficult plants become easier and it is ideal for fishes demanding soft water.
$25.20Flourite'is a specially fracted, stable porous clay gravel for the natural planted aquarium. Its appearance is best suited to planted aquaria, but may be used in any aquarium environment. Flourite'is most effective when used alone as an integral substrate bed, but it may be mixed with other gravels. Gravel modifiers such as laterite are not necessary and unlike competing products, Flourite'never has to be replaced. It remains effective for the life of the aquarium. Flourite'is not chemically coated or treated and will not alter the pH of the water.
aquasolum™ is a lightweight, porous substrate derived from humate. Humate contains most of the known trace elements necessary for development of plant life because in its original state, it was plant life. Organic humate enhances root development and promotes chelation, a process by which insoluble matter is gradually processed for plant utilization. As a result, humate contains valuable plant nutritional substances not found in chemical fertilizers. Additionally, its tendency to lower pH and soften water makes it ideal for keeping freshwater shrimp.
Sizes: 2 kg (4.4 lbs)
Although it is pre-washed, it may become dusty in transit and require rinsing before use to remove any residual dust. To determine the number of bags required for your aquarium, please note that each bag (2 kg, 4.4 lbs) occupies a volume of approximately 1,630 cm3 (100 cu. in.). To determine your desired volume multiply tank width by length by desired depth.
TIPS: When adding water to aquarium, fill slowly to avoid disturbing aquasolum™ bed. Place a bowl in the aquarium and add water directly to the bowl, allowing water to overflow softly on to the substrate bed. Initial cloudiness is normal. To remove cloudiness, use mechanical filtration (such as filter floss). Use Clarity® to accelerate clearing.
Aqua Soil-Amazonia LIGHT
With its natural earth color, it shows aquascapes visually more natural. It contained the same natural black soil as Amazonia, it sufficiently promotes the growth of aquatic plants