Brightwell Aquatics Xport NO3 Cubes
Ultra-activated Denitrification Media with Superior Performance Characteristics
Read all instructions before use. The use of a mechanical pre-filter to remove particulate organic material from water prior to its interaction with this media will improve efficiency. Rinse Xport NO3 Cubes in purified water or low-TDS fresh water, then place media into a clean pail and fill with water from the aquarium into which the media is to be placed. Seed each 150 g of Xport NO3 Cubes used with 20-ml of MicroBacter7 (poured into the pail and dispersed by hand), then allow media to remain in this "bath" for 24-hours at room temperature. Remove Xport NO3 Cubes from pail and pour water into the aquarium system, then place Xport NO3 Cubes into canister filter, media reactor, or 800µm mesh filter bag; a flow-through rate of 1 - 3x the total aquarium volume per hour is recommended. Do not fluidize. In systems with an initial [NO3] of <40 ppm, begin with a ratio of 150 g Xport NO3 Cubes per 120 US-gallons (454 L) in system (increase this mass by 10% for every 10 ppm NO3 in excess of 40 ppm). Denitrification will typically begin within one week; rate of denitrification increases with time. If corals or other invertebrates appear to react negatively to the use of Xport NO3 Cubes, it may be an indication that NO3 is being removed too aggressively; decrease amount of Xport NO3 Cubes used by 50% and continue use until [NO3] falls within desired range.
Note that the required amount of Xport NO3 Cubes will change as the system matures, and as biomass and/or stocking density changes. Denitrification relies on adequate organic carbon availability; if [NO3] stops decreasing during the first month of use and no significant increase in bioload, stocking density, or nutrient input rate has occurred during this period, then it is likely that organic carbon or phosphate is limiting. Use of Katalyst, Reef BioFuel, or FlorinAxis (planted aquaria) per the instructions on the respective labels will be required to provide this carbon; NeoPhos or Florin-P will provide phosphorus. Replace ~25% of the total Xport NO3 Cubes employed every 3 - 4 months in high-bioload systems, and every 6 - 8 months in low-nutrient systems. Maximum rate of denitrification is achieved by placing Xport NO3 Cubes in-line with, and downstream from, Xport Bio Cubes. Xport PO4 Cubes may be used downstream from Xport NO3 Cubes to facilitate complete phosphate uptake; do not place Xport-PO4 upstream from Xport-NO3, which will inhibit denitrification.
Trace & Minor Elements for Rainbow Fishes, Blue-Eyes & other Tropic Fishes of Australia & New Guinea
Unique complex that provides trace and minor elements in ratios found to be beneficial to rainbowfish and other fishes that share the same waters of origin.
Provides minor and trace elements utilized in important neurological and metabolic reactions, and which are incorporated into natural bio-pigments for coloration.
Replaces minor and trace elements used by aquarium inhabitants, and which are lost through chemical filtration (use of filtration media such as resins and activated carbon).
Composed of purified water and ultra-high purity materials.
Does not significantly increase GH or KH.
Formulated utilizing extensive research on the chemistry of the waters naturally-inhabited by rainbowfishes and blue-eyes, as well as their trace and minor element requirements.
The role that trace and minor elements play with rainbowfishes and other fishes is related to neurological and metabolic processes (in which these elements play critical roles), as well as overall coloration (trace and minor elements are often at the core of pigments known to enhance coloration); of these aspects, it is coloration that is often most important to the rainbowfish enthusiast, as few experienced hobbyists will deny that male rainbowfish displaying to a female are some of the most brilliantly-colored fishes maintained in captivity. Dosing a trace and minor supplement with every water change performed is an effective method of delivering these substances for maximum benefit.
Rainbowfishes and their allies, the Blue-eyes, are native to all manner of water bodies throughout New Guinea and parts of Australia. Water chemistry in these systems varies from moderately-acidic to -alkaline, and extremely-soft to -hard; while it is generally unnecessary to maintain water parameters for a given species exactly like those of their native habitat, it’s sensible to approximate these parameters (e.g. moderately-hard water and alkaline pH for species native to habitats featuring these conditions, and vice versa for fishes hailing from soft-water, acidic waters) for long-term health of the fish. That stated, the majority of rainbowfishes (with few exceptions) adapt well to a general hardness of 9 - 12 dGH (150 - 200 ppm) and pH of 6.5 - 7.5, though some may require harder or softer conditions (Blue-eyes inhabit coastal environments and do well in varying degrees of brackish water; for other species’ requirements, consult a reputable text). Maintaining immeasurable ammonia and nitrite, and <20 ppm nitrate, is more important than attaining specific pH and dGH values for long-term health of rainbowfishes.
A number of popular ornamental fish species, such as various gudgeons, gobys, and scats are often found in the same waters in which rainbowfishes and blue-eyes originate; hence, RainboCode may also be used in aquaria housing these fishes with equal success.
Instructions and Guidelines
Shake product well before using.
Community Rainbowfish Aquaria: Add ½ ml (~10 drops) of product per 25 US-gallons of aquarium water every other day. When used in this fashion, 250 ml treats up to 2,500 US-gallons (9,464 L).
Biotope Aquaria: As noted opposite, the water conditions that rainbowfishes and blue-eyes originate from in the wild is wide-ranging. It is therefore sensible to use different dosages of this product for biotope aquaria in which fishes with different requirements are housed. Use the following dosages as a general guideline for each biotope aquarium, and increase or decrease dosage as deemed necessary by the appearance of the inhabitants and overall aquarium.
Rainbowfishes endemic to acidic pH habitats: Add ¼ ml (~5 drops) of product per 25 US-gallons of aquarium water every other day.
Rainbowfishes endemic to alkaline pH habitats: Add ½ ml (~10 drops) of product per 25 US-gallons of aquarium water every other day.
Blue-eyes: Add ¾ ml (~15 drops) of product per 25 US-gallons of aquarium water every other day.
Note that starting out at a dosage of ½ those recommended above and then gradually increasing the dosage over a period of weeks is often a good practice to follow in aquaria that have not received any previous trace and minor element supplementation; doing so will not cause any harm to aquarium inhabitants, and will enable you to notice subtle changes in the appearance of the system that indicate the effectiveness and need for the product. Though trace and minor elements are essential to critical biological processes, their gross overdosing can be harmful to aquarium inhabitants. Minor and trace elements are made unavailable in aquaria largely by adsorption to particulate organic matter (POM); therefore, aquaria with large amounts of latent organic material may require slightly heavier dosing of this product to compensate for that which is bound. Note that activated carbon will remove trace and minor elements both passively and actively.
Zinc (min) 0.015 mg/oz.; Iron (min) 0.0016 mg/oz.; Manganese 0.00086 mg/oz.; (min) Cobalt (min) 0.000086 mg/oz.
Purified water, species specific, appropriate minor and trace minerals
Water Chemistry Adjustment in all East African Cichlid Aquaria
Adjusts the chemistry of purified water to approximate that of Lake Malawi, which is able to accomodate cichlids hailing from all three of the East African Great Lakes (Malawi, Tanganyika, and Victoria). Does not increase alkalinity (carbonate hardness).
Provides the proper ratios of calcium, magnesium, potassium, sodium, and sulfate, as dictated by limnological surveys of Lake Malawi.
Formulated by a marine scientist.
Though the water chemistry in Lakes Victoria, Malawi, and Tanganyika is different, Rift Lake Chemie provides a good basis in which cichlids and other fishes endemic to the distinct lakes may be successfully maintained. This is because it is formulated to provide the major elements in ratios derived from extensive water analysis surveys; it is therefore possible to maintain a mixed-cichlid community with water that has been prepared with Rift Lake Chemie. This supplement does not increase alkalinity, nor does it contain minor or trace elements important to long-term health and coloration of cichlids and their allies; used as directed, Brightwell Aquatics Rift Lake dKH and CichlidCode will accomplish these tasks.
Instructions and Guidelines
Do not add this product directly to an aquarium without first diluting in water as directed.
Basic Instructions and Guidelines: Dissolve 2 grams (~½ teaspoon) of product per 20 US-gallons of aquarium water in 8-fl. oz. of fresh water; add this solution to aquarium to establish proper water chemistry and when performing water changes.
Advanced Instructions and Guidelines: Create a stock solution by dissolving 8 grams (~2 teaspoons) of Rift Lake Chemie in 8-fl. oz. of fresh water (preferably purified); each ml of stock sol’n will increase the total dissolved solids (TDS) in 1 US-gallon (3.785 L) of water by ~13.7 ppm or ~0.12 dGH. [Reference: Each g of Rift Lake Chemie will increase the TDS in 1 US-gallon (3.785 L) of water by 428.7 ppm.] If initial TDS in aquarium is below desired level, add stock sol’n at maximum rate of 10 ml per 20 US-gallons daily until desired TDS is attained, then dose as needed and add to purified water when performing water changes. Maintain TDS within a range of +/-20 ppm. A sensible starting point when maintaining specific rift lake biotopes is to use the following TDS guidelines: Lake Victoria: 75 - 125 ppm; Lake Malawi: 150 - 200 ppm; Lake Tanganyika: 425 - 475 ppm.
Balanced monovalent and multivalent cation mixture with appropriate anions and trace minerals to replicate natural rift lake waters.
Natural sand with bacteria which can be used without washing!
Size grain: 1mm or less
|Size of aquarium (water capacity)||Amount of this product|
|Aquarium with fish||Aquatic plants only|
|Small aquarium (up to about 10 L)||1 bag or more||2 bags or more|
|Width 30 cm water tank (about 20 L)||2 bags or more||4 bags or more|
|Width 45 cm water tank (about 35 L)||6 bags or more||12 bags or more|
$2.00Gold Ring Danio (Danio tinwini)