Power Sand is the base of the Nature Aquarium substrate. Power Sand is composed of porous volcanic stones to secure proper water circulation and of organic materials including fertile peat to provide rich nutrients to aquatic plant roots. Ideal conditions for bacterial activity and development of plant roots are created and maintained for long periods with Power Sand.
The growth of aqua plants like Echinodorus or Cryptocoryne, plants that absorb nutrients from its root, largely depends upon the amount of nutrients within the substrate. Unlike ordinary Power Sand, Power Sand Special provides more minerals and nutrients to the substrate, as it also contains Bacter 100 and Clear Super.
WATER CIRCULATION IN THE SUBSTRATE WITH POWER SAND
Water circulation. A new substrate has a good circulation of water which carries oxygen to stimulate bacterial activity and the development of plant roots. This is the ideal condition of substrate, in order to establish a balanced ecosystem. After some time, however, various factors may cause problems in the substrate.
Although problems would not appear at early stages, a substrate with only one kind of granule does not provide enough water circulation down to the bottom In a short time. Waste matters from plants and plant roots block the space between granules and obstruct the water circulation.
Water pressure. Some time after setup, water pressure or calcium in the water hardens the substrate. At this time, water circulation within the substrate is obstructed and bacterial activity declines. Such a condition causes problems in root development and growth of aquatic plants. The mixed substrate with Power Sand at the bottom secures good water circulation due to the shape and size of the granules. Even when aquatic plants have been growing for long periods and waste matter accumulates, Power Sand composed of porous volcanic stones maintains proper water circulation.
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PLANT ROOTS AND BACTERIA WITHIN THE SUBSTRATE
Silt gathers around plant roots and provides a good medium for bacterial colonization. Proper functions of bacteria, through their nitrifying processes, change ammonia to nitrogen compounds which are then consumed by aquatic plants through their roots.
Oxygen- Sufficient supply of oxygen is vital for aerobic bacteria. Insufficient oxygen prompts the activity of anaerobic bacteria which produce toxic substances such as nitrous acid.
Nutrients in Power Sand- Nutrients contained in Power Sand are slowly dissolved and absorbed by plant roots.
Fertilizer in the substrate- Organic matter in Power Sand or other bottom fertilizers such as Multi Bottom or Iron Bottom, can be absorbed by aquatic plants, only when they are broken down to inorganic matter by bacteria.
Fertile peat- Works effectively to stimulate the establishment of association between bacteria and aquatic plants.
Use Power Sand Special "M" (medium size granule) for aquariums from 16 in. (40cm) to 24 in. (60cm) heights.
It creates a natural environment for fish, shrimp and plants. Complete active substrate for aquarium. Softens water (reduces pH and KH). From natural soil extracts.
Aquarium Soil is a complete active substrate that ensures natural conditions in the aquarium. It softens water (reduces pH and KH) and is from natural soil extracts. Rinsing is not recommended.
Pearl Beach™ is an all natural aragonite substrate for all types of marine, reef and tropical aquaria. Its chemical composition will assist in stabilizing calcium and alkalinity while preventing large pH declines. Unlike competing “wet” gravels, Pearl Beach™ is sold dry: this bag contains 35% more gravel than a bag of wet gravel of equal weight. These “wet” gravels are marketed to give one the impression that they contain living, microscopic animals when in fact they only contain common bacteria. Dry or wet, there are bacteria on every substrate. If one is concerned with shortening the aquarium cycle time for a new system, then the use of a product designed for that particular purpose would be more appropriate (such as Seachem’s Stability®).
Units=ppm, source: Plasma Emission Spectrometer, EPA Method 3050, Univ. of Georgia Chemical Analysis Lab
To determine the number of bags required for your aquarium, please note that each bag (10 kg, 22 lbs) occupies a volume of 8,600 cm3 (525 cu. in.). To determine your desired volume multiply tank width by length by desired depth.
$25.20SEACHEM Flourite Red 3.5kg
Flourite® Red is a specially fracted stable porous clay gravel for the natural planted aquarium. Its appearance is best suited to planted aquaria, but may be used in any freshwater aquarium environment. Flourite® Red is most effective when used alone as an integral substrate bed, but it may be mixed with other gravels. Gravel modifiers such as laterite are not necessary. Flourite® Red is not chemically coated or treated and will not alter the pH of the water. Flourite® Red is good for the life of the aquarium and need not be replaced.
To determine the number of bags required for your aquarium, please note that each bag (7 kg, 15.4 lbs) occupies a volume of approximately 7,000 cm3 (425 cu. in.). To determine your desired volume multiply tank width by length by desired depth. This bag is sufficient for about a 5 cm (2 inch) deep bed in a typical 40 L (10 gallon) tank.
Although it is pre-washed, because Flourite® Red is a natural product, it may become dusty in transit and require rinsing before use to remove any residual dust.
NOTE: The specialized mesh bottom of the 3.5 kg size allows it to be rinsed right in the bag.
Units=mg/kg, source: Plasma Emission Spectrometer, EPA Method 6010, Univ. of Georgia Chemical Analysis Lab
$18.00Dymax Base Soil series decreases the hardness of the water and lower the pH level to the degree at which most aquatic plants can consume nutrients and comfortably grow. The soil granules maintain the shape and density underwater security good circulation of water oxygen through the substrate. With Dymax Base Soil, growing difficult plants become easier and it is ideal for fishes demanding soft water.