Medication for treating diseases and pest removals.
Water treatments to remove algae, ammonia, nitrate etc.
For natural nitrate reduction.
Nitrate is an important nutrient for algae.
Royal Nitrate Remover stimulates the natural breakdown of nitrate by bacteria.
Dose daily 1ml per 20 litres until the nitrate level is less then 1mg/l When nitrate levels exceed 10 mg/l double the doses.
Check nitrate levels weekly with the Royal Nitrate test kit.
• Keep out of reach of children.
Brightwell Aquatics Xport NO3 Cubes
Ultra-activated Denitrification Media with Superior Performance Characteristics
Read all instructions before use. The use of a mechanical pre-filter to remove particulate organic material from water prior to its interaction with this media will improve efficiency. Rinse Xport NO3 Cubes in purified water or low-TDS fresh water, then place media into a clean pail and fill with water from the aquarium into which the media is to be placed. Seed each 150 g of Xport NO3 Cubes used with 20-ml of MicroBacter7 (poured into the pail and dispersed by hand), then allow media to remain in this "bath" for 24-hours at room temperature. Remove Xport NO3 Cubes from pail and pour water into the aquarium system, then place Xport NO3 Cubes into canister filter, media reactor, or 800µm mesh filter bag; a flow-through rate of 1 - 3x the total aquarium volume per hour is recommended. Do not fluidize. In systems with an initial [NO3] of <40 ppm, begin with a ratio of 150 g Xport NO3 Cubes per 120 US-gallons (454 L) in system (increase this mass by 10% for every 10 ppm NO3 in excess of 40 ppm). Denitrification will typically begin within one week; rate of denitrification increases with time. If corals or other invertebrates appear to react negatively to the use of Xport NO3 Cubes, it may be an indication that NO3 is being removed too aggressively; decrease amount of Xport NO3 Cubes used by 50% and continue use until [NO3] falls within desired range.
Note that the required amount of Xport NO3 Cubes will change as the system matures, and as biomass and/or stocking density changes. Denitrification relies on adequate organic carbon availability; if [NO3] stops decreasing during the first month of use and no significant increase in bioload, stocking density, or nutrient input rate has occurred during this period, then it is likely that organic carbon or phosphate is limiting. Use of Katalyst, Reef BioFuel, or FlorinAxis (planted aquaria) per the instructions on the respective labels will be required to provide this carbon; NeoPhos or Florin-P will provide phosphorus. Replace ~25% of the total Xport NO3 Cubes employed every 3 - 4 months in high-bioload systems, and every 6 - 8 months in low-nutrient systems. Maximum rate of denitrification is achieved by placing Xport NO3 Cubes in-line with, and downstream from, Xport Bio Cubes. Xport PO4 Cubes may be used downstream from Xport NO3 Cubes to facilitate complete phosphate uptake; do not place Xport-PO4 upstream from Xport-NO3, which will inhibit denitrification.
Nitra-Guard Bio-Cubes TITANIUM
Nitra-Guard BIO-Cubes TITANIUM is the world's first carbohydrate based nitrate remover that is completely resistant to Redfield's Ratio. Nitra-Guard BIO-Cubes TITANIUM are made from 100% biologically degradable polymers that effectively remove nitrates without the need for phosphates from both marine and freshwater systems. BIO-Cubes TITANIUM have a very high surface area and contains 400% more carbohydrates than any other brand, making it the best product of it's kind in the world. Independent testing in real world scenarios, have proven BIO-Cubes TITANIUM to far outperform all other competing products. No other product of it's kind can compare with the explosive performance that BIO-Cubes TITANIUM can offer. BIO-Cubes TITANIUM are very versatile and can be used in filter bags and fluidized reactors. BIO-Cubes TITANIUM require no maintenance and require no feeding dosages making it the easiest and most convenient nitrate removing product on the market. Nitra-Guard BIO-Cubes TITANIUM comes with a free filter bag with every jar.
How it all works
When culturing bacteria, 2 of the most important factors that will determine the size of the colony are surface area and food source. BIO-Cubes TITANIUM look like small open celled sponges giving the product a massive surface area. BIO-Cubes TITANIUM also has 400% more biologically available, insoluble polymer carbohydrates than any other product in the world. The product also contains titanium that makes the product the only carbon product that is resistant to Redfield's Ratio. No other liquid dosing or solid carbon product in the world can offer this. These 3 factors create conditions that are perfect for culturing and sustaining large bacteria colonies required to effectively remove nitrates from aquariums. It is these 3 factors that have made Nitra-Guard BIO-Cubes TITANIUM the world's best carbohydrate based nitrate removing media. Independent tests that were performed in real world scenarios revealed that BIO-Cubes TITANIUM had the ability to reduce nitrate levels from 50ppm to below 5ppm in 3 weeks while all other competing products cease to work once the phosphate has run out!
The Effects of Redfield's Ratio on Carbohydrate based nitrate removers
Redfield ratio is the atomic ratio that exists between carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus that is found in plankton and throughout the oceans. This ratio also applies to yeast / bacteria that are responsible for nitrogen removal. The original ratio is found to be C:N:P = 106:16:1. The ratios of carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus have recently been proven to fluctuate somewhat between different species of yeast. All 3 of these nutrients are required in order to make the process of nitrate removal possible. If the system becomes depleted in either one of these nutrients, biomass production will not happen and nitrate removal will cease. This is a common problem with all carbohydrate based nitrate removers and Nitra-Guard BIO-Cubes TITANIUM is the only product of it's kind in the world that is resistant to this problem.
The role of Phosphate in Carbohydrate based nitrate removers
Phosphorus is essential to virtually every living creature. Phosphate is a component of ATP, RNA, DNA, and also the phospholipids that form all cell membranes. Low phosphate levels will limit growth in aquatic systems. The lack of Phosphate in a system will severely restrict the growth of the yeast / bacteria that removes nitrate in a system. Think of it in this way, if nitrate were the bricks for building a house, then phosphate would be the cement. If there were no cement to hold the bricks in place during construction, no building can continue. This is also true with the yeast / bacteria that is cultured to remove nitrate from the aquarium as the absence of phosphate will cause the process of nitrate removal to cease. Nitra-Guard BIO-Cubes TITANIUM is the world's first carbohydrate based media that is nitrate selective and completely resistant to Redfield's Ratio and does not require phosphate in order to remove nitrates.
Directions for use :
The amount required will depend on stocking densities and amount of food added to the aquarium. Heavier stock loads will require larger amounts of product to be installed:
Before installing your BIO-Cubes TITANIUM, soak cubes in freshwater for 24hrs to prevent skimmers from becoming over-active. If skimmer does become over-active, switch skimmer off for a few hours and re-start. The skimmer will return to normal operation within 24 hours
Installing your BIO-Cubes TITANIUM :
Nitra-Guard BIO-Cubes TITANIUM require very strong current and large quantities of oxygen in order to successfully remove nitrates. For best results, we recommend using Nitra-Guard BIO-Cubes TITANIUM in a "BOMB" Installation method
If BIO-Cubes TITANIUM are to be used in a reactor it is advisable to have a venturi system installed to insure proper oxygenation of the BIO-Cubes TITANIUM.
If BIO-Cubes TITANIUM are to be used in a filter bag or reactor, place them near the protein skimmer to assist in removing the nitrate and phosphate rich biomass faster.
If you are using BIO-Cubes TITANIUM in a freshwater system, place a fine filter cloth over the cannister of your filter. This will filter out the biomass which should be removed every few days.
After 10 days, the bacteria colonies will become prolific enough to start lowering nitrate and phosphate levels in your aquarium. If nitrate and phosphate levels in your aquarium are high, some cloudiness may occur which clears in a few days. With time, BIO-Cubes TITANIUM start to biodegrade as they are consumed by bacteria.
After 4 months, check BIO-Cubes TITANIUM and top-up levels to what they were when BIO-Cubes TITANIUM were first installed.
TUNZE Care Bacter
Care Bacter contains bacteria on a substrate of powdered Maerl gravel, which keep fresh or seawater aquaria clean.
Mode of action:
Normal dosage after the first vaccination:
Non-pathogenic bacteria for humans and the environment.
Doesn’t contain any toxic materials.
No overdosing possible!
The product is not suitable for human consumption!
Avoid eye contact!
Keep away from children!
Concentration: 10^9 CFU/g
Contents: 40 ml (1.33 oz.)
BIO-Cubes are made from 100% biologically degradable polymers that effectively remove both nitrates and phosphates from both marine and freshwater systems. BIO-Cubes have a very high surface area and contains 400% more carbohydrates than any other brand, making it the best product of its kind in the world. Independent testing in real world scenarios, have proven BIO-Cubes to far outperform all other competing products. No other product of its kind can compare with the explosive performance that BIO-Cubes can offer. BIO-Cubes are very versatile and can be used in filter bags, fluidized reactors and denitrators. BIO-Cubes require no maintenance and require no feeding dosages making it the easiest and most convenient nitrate and phosphate removing product on the market. Nitra-Guard BIO-Cubes comes with a free filter bag with every jar (excluding 5000ml size).
How it all works
Bacteria consume the high carbohydrate source found in the BIO-Cubes and form a biomass that absorbs nitrates and phosphates from the water in the aquarium. This biomass is then skimmed out with a protein skimmer or is consumed as a food source by corals and clams.
When culturing bacteria, 2 of the most important factors that will determine the size of the colony are surface area and food source. BIO-Cubes look like small open celled sponges giving the product a massive surface area. BIO-Cubes also has 400% more biologically available, insoluble polymer carbohydrates than any other product in the world. These 2 factors create conditions that are perfect for culturing and sustaining large bacteria colonies required to effectively remove phosphate and nitrate from aquariums. It is these 2 factors that have made Nitra-Guard BIO-Cubes the world's best carbohydrate based nitrate removing media. Independent tests that were performed in real world scenarios revealed that BIO-Cubes had the ability to reduce nitrates from 60ppm down to 5ppm in under 2 weeks while competing products claim to only start working after 2 weeks!
Directions for use
The amount required will depend on stocking densities and amount of food added to the aquarium. For heavily stocked tanks, use 3ml to every 1liter of aquarium water and for aquariums with lighter stock loads, add 1ml to every 1liter of aquarium water.
The Nitra-Guard BIO-Cubes work best in an oxygen-rich environment with good waterflow. To get the best results, the Bomb Method as described in the instructions can be used. The BIO-Cubes can also be used in a media reactor or a filter media bag and placed near the protein skimmer to assist in removing the nitrate/phosphate-rich biomass faster. If using the Nitra-Guard BIO-Cubes in a reactor, make sure the reactor can be fitted with a venturi to provide sufficient oxygenation to the BIO-Cubes. After 1 to 2 weeks, the bacteria colonies will become prolific enough to start lowering nitrate levels in your aquarium. If nitrate and phosphate levels in your aquarium are high, some cloudiness may occur which clears in a few days. Soak BIO-Cubes in freshwater for 24hrs before use.
Red Sea X Nitrate and Phosphate Remover (NO3 PO4-X) is designed to slowly but effectively prevent the growth of algae, without harming the development of corals and other reef life.
This Nitrate and Phosphate Remover uses a complex blend of minerals and carbon compounds that limit an overabundance of sulphate bacteria which contribute to algae growth. This happens gradually so as not to cause UV shock or starvation.
The remover also contains a mixture of metal and non-metal elements that support beneficial bacteria. Nitrates are turned to nitrogen gas and phosphates are consumed by the bacterial colonies which clears the water and lowers the risk of algae blooms.
This method reduces the nutrients that cause algae and releases more zooanthellae which supports coral pigmentation and development.
NO3:PO4-X is also recommended as a complete carbon source for use with carbon based de-nitrators. Use the correct Nitrate Test Kit to determine the level of this unwanted nutrient.
Previously, Reef Interests was the first to develop and present the NP reducing BioPellets which are mostly removing Nitrogen waste products and along with a smaller amount of Phosphates. DVH has been hard at work developing a new and better product called All-In-One BioPellets.
After 4 years of development and research DVH is very pleased to be able to present the Reef Interests All-In-One Biopellets (Patent Pending), which can be used to more efficiently remove both Nitrogen (5x) as well as Phosphates (10x-20x) without the need of using separate phosphate removing substrates. Now for the 1st time there is no need to have to purchase expensive GFO media for PO4 reduction and Biopellets for Nitrate reduction. With this All-In-One simple to use product, Reef Interests All-In-One BioPellets will do it all at an affordable cost with no need for 2 seperate reactors for GFO and Biopellets.
The positive effects of NP-reducing BioPellets on water quality are based on the principle of immobilization. Waste products from the water, mainly nitrate and phosphate, are converted into bacteria. This process keeps the aquarium water clean. The new formula All-In-One Biopellets are composed of highly purified compounds, to ensure the safe use of Reef Interests products in marine tanks occupied by sensitive and precious animals such as corals, invertebrates, fish etc…
The pellets will allow aerobic growth of bacteria which consequently will consume nitrate and phosphate simultaneously. The bacteria will use up the carbon from the Reef Interests All-In-One BioPellets whilst nitrogen and phosphorus are taken from the water as nitrate and (ortho)phosphate. This conversion of organic BioPellets (together with inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus) into microbial biomass is called immobilization. In contrast to our “old” Biopellets, we have observed that the All-In-One Biopellets work best with very high water flow.
How to Use:
Reef Interests reccomends soaking All-In-One Biopellets for a period of 24 hours in marine aquarium water before use in your aquarium reactor. This will insure more uniform tumbling once added to the reacotor. All-In-One BioPellets is heavier than NP BioPellets and it requires a higher flow rate to tumble the media. For example, a 700 liter tank (185 gallons) with a fluidized filter containing 2 liter of All-In-One Biopellets will require a minimal flow through of 2000-3000 l/h (528-792 GPH).
Results after 10 months: The bioload on a 700 liter aquarium (185 gallons) contains approximately 50 fish and after 10 months of testing both nitrates and phosphates were undetectable with standard nitrate and phosphate aquarium test kits with the use of 2 liters of media.
The surplus of bacteria will be consumed by filter and suspension feeding organisms, such as sponges and corals, or skimmed off by a protein skimmer. In addition, with a high feeding regime, Reef Interests advises to use a simple filter sponge on the outlet of your fluidized filter to remove excess of bacteria which will otherwise cloud your water slightly.
On average the All-In-One Biopellets takes 1-4 weeks to give rise to sufficient bacteria to allow nitrate and phosphate levels to drop. Importantly, allow your aquarium inhabitants to adjust to their new environment by slowly increasing the level of BioPellets over a period of several weeks. Add extra pellets every 3-6 months dependent on Biopellet consumption and levels of NO3 and PO4.
500-1000mL of biopellets is recommended per 100 gallons.
The positive effects of NP-reducing BioPellets on water quality are based on the principle of immobilization. Waste products from the water, mainly nitrate and phosphate, are converted into bacteria. This keeps the aquarium water clean.
NP-reducing BioPellets are composed of biologically degradable polymers that can be placed in a fluidized filter or filter canister. The pellets will allow aerobic growth of bacteria which consequently will consume nitrate and phosphate simultaneously. The bacteria will use up the carbon from the BioPellets, whilst nitrogen and phosphorus are taken from the water as nitrate and (ortho)phosphate. This conversion of organic BioPellets (together with inorganic nitrogen and phosphorus) into microbial biomass is called immobilization. In addition, anaerobic layers will develop, resulting in additional denitrification.
The surplus of bacteria will be consumed by filter and suspension feeding organisms such as sponges and corals, or skimmed off by a protein skimmer. On average this “solid wodka method” takes 2-4 weeks to give rise to sufficient bacteria to allow nitrate and phosphate levels to drop. The main advantage of this method over using Wodka or sugar as a carbon source is that NP-reducing BioPellets stimulate local growth of bacteria in a filter compartment, instead of all over in the aquarium where they may clog up pipes and hoses. They also prevent the growth of cyanobacteria, as the bacteria growing on NP-reducing BioPellets will compete with these phototrophic nuisance microbes. Finally, NP-reducing BioPellets will save the aquarist a lot of time, as no daily dosages of carbon are required.
NP-reducing Biopellets can be placed in canister filters or fluidized reactors. The latter configuration may yield better results, and prevents detritus buildup. A proper starting dosage is 0.5-1 liter of pellets per 500 liters of system volume (12,5-25 fl. oz. for every 100 USG). After about 2-4 weeks, nitrate and phosphate levels should start decreasing. For some aquaria experiencing heavy feeding, higher dosages are appropriate. Examples are aquaria which house large quantities of azooxanthellate corals, sponges, tunicates or large schools of Anthias fish. Dosages may be increased indefinitely, provided the aquarium water is sufficiently aerated.
NP-reducing BioPellets are consumed by bacteria, which is why new pellets need to be added every 3-6 months to compensate for digested substrate. This can be seen during inspection of the filter. These figures however depend on aquarium conditions and are strongly influenced by feeding regimes and livestock. Taking regular measurements of both nitrate and phosphate levels in the aquarium is recommended, after which dosages may be increased or decreased.
We also suggest placing the outlet of the pellet filter in front of a protein skimmer, to limit the amount of bacteria entering the system. This has the additional benefit of increased gas exchange (CO2-removal and O2-addition). The pellets should never be used without sufficient aeration, as this may lead to low oxygen and pH levels, especially during night time. Proper aeration can be established with air pumps and protein skimmers.
When heavy feeding is required, it is recommended to combine the pellets with standard phosphate adsorbents. The reason for this is that most aquarium feeds contain higher levels of phosphate than is consumed by bacteria, fish and invertebrates, when compared to nitrogen. Some phosphate adsorbents however deplete alkalinity and may reduce pH. Using phosphate adsorbent media based on iron hydroxide does not have this disadvantage.
• Maintain sufficient water flow through the BioPellets, to prevent production of hydrogen sulphide gas.
• The use of ozone and UV will negatively affect bacterial recruitment of the BioPellets and increase the maturation time of the filter. Adding bacterial cultures may alleviate this problem and shorten filter maturation time in general.
• When nitrate and phosphate are already very low before applying BioPellets, a decrease in these levels may not be detectable with standard aquarium testkits.
Kent Marine Nitrate Sponge is a granular zeolitic medium which works by two methods.
Place Nitrate Sponge in a large mesh (800 micron) bag on top of your wet-dry filter or in a canister filter, where water will flow through the material. It can be used as an excellent media in de-nitrators and other slow-flow applications, and is more efficient in this type usage (see below). Test nitrates regularly. Several weeks will be required to see an appreciable drop in nitrates. (Caution: nitrate testing is the most difficult of all aquarium tests, and many aquarium test kits are inaccurate for marine systems. We recommend that you use the SeaTestTM or FasTestTM test kit by Aquarium Systems® for accurate results!)
Considerations for use:
Nitrates are best brought down initially with large water changes with a low nitrate salt, such as Kent Sea Salt. Deionization or reverse osmosis filtration of tap water nitrates will also help if your tap water contains significant levels of nitrates. Each treatment of Nitrate Sponge will reduce nitrates by about 20 ppm (total nitrates) for the stated size. Not overfeeding the tank, good maintenance practices, regularly vacuuming of detritus, regular use of Kent Marine Reef Carbon, and regular changing of filter floss are critical to nitrate control and water changes are absolutely necessary! Products which contain gluconates, other sugars and heavy organic chemicals should be avoided since they will foster undesirable growth of cyanobacteria. Phosphates and silicates are also nutrients or fertilizers which, given proper lighting and other nutrients, will promote rapid growth of undesirable algae, diatoms and cyanobacteria also. Kent Marine Phosphate Sponge can be used simultaneously with the Nitrate Sponge to lower the levels of these fertilizers and help reduce growth of these unsightly nuisances.
If you have a bad nitrate problem, consider purchasing a filter housing in which to place the Nitrate Sponge. Fill this housing with aquarium water and let stand totally closed, with no water movement for 3 weeks. This will give the bacteria time to multiply and populate the Nitrate Sponge. Tap your main pressure line from your aquarium pump with small airline tubing and a small air valve. Adjust the valve to allow one drop per second to flow out of the filter back into your sump. This unit requires no feeding and therefore cannot produce deadly hydrogen sulfide gas as other systems might.
Fourth Generation Formula: The NEW AZ-NO3 with it`s new "Cold" filtering and processing techniques reduces the clouding effect in even poorly-maintained (ionically-imbalanced) marine aquariums. Its nitrate-removal ability has sped up 2x as fast as before. In addition, its shelf-life is now close to indefinite when un-opened. Or up to 60 days when opened and stored in refrigerator.
The AZ-NO3 (Absolute Zero - NitratesTM) product works entirely by aerobic Cellular Respiration on the target Nitrate molecule, which is then removed by the Protein Skimmer. The oxidoreductases necessary for these processes are the chemical mechanism of an enzyme action.
In the most simplest of explanations, AZ-NO3 can be considered an essential food, required by the active enzyme maltase that functions as a cellular respirator. The manufacturing process renders this product as an undesirable food to certain detrimental enzyme (amylase and invertase) that could uncontrollably proliferate in the aquarium.
Our product utilizes a specific enzyme in the maltase group to activate the oxidoreductases necessary to reduce nitrates by cellular respiration in the aquarium. The product itself does not contain this enzyme, but can be thought of more like a seed, a seed contains the germ (plant) and the food for the plant to grow. The mature plant then becomes the basic food product utilized.
The active ingredient in our product is Cozymase which functions in the oxidation of proteins and of many other compounds important in the intermediary metabolism and the resulting active enzyme Maltase in the aquarium. The Massecuite is food for both the Cozymase to develop and the resultant Maltase to thrive.
The proper denitrifying dosage of the product is 1/4 ounce, daily, for each 50 to 60 gallons of water in the marine aquarium system, until nitrates are undetectable. Overdosing, (up to double the amount) is preferred to underdosing and is not harmful to livestock. Larger aquariums will require a larger dose, but nitrates are normally reduced to zero within the same time period. Many aquarists inadvertently introduce nitrates on a continuing basis, through water changes, food, additives, etc., therefore requiring that they maintain the enzyme activity at a low maintenance dosage to hold nitrates in check. Initially the maintenance dosage should be 1/2 of the denitrifying dosage, steadily decreasing the amount of AZ-NO3 used until nitrates can be maintained at an undetectable level. The intent is to slowly wean the aquarium off the AZ-NO3 product entirely, allowing the natural denitrification properties of the aquariums live rock and/or plenum to come into full functioning. The maintenance dosage can be rescheduled for bi-weekly or even weekly additions as the live rock or substrate develops to it`s full potential.
Effects AZ-NO3 provides many other benefits besides nitrate reduction. Upon addition of the product to the aquarium, you will notice that the Protein Skimmer becomes more efficient and remains that way for approximately 30 days after the final use of the AZ-NO3. In addition, as the enzymes become active, all sediments and pre-filters in the aquarium remove larger amounts of undesirable organics, thus requiring more frequent filter changing.
The AZ-NO3 may not work to its full effectiveness under the following conditions:
NITRA-ZORB filtration media is scientifically proven to remove aquarium toxins.
Follow API Easy Care Guide and use NITRA-ZORB when:
NITRA-ZORB is a ready-to-use filter media pouch that can be added to your filter to remove ammonia, nitrite, and nitrate. NITRA-ZORB is made of natural and synthetic ion-exchange resins that selectively remove toxins from freshwater aquariums. NITRA-ZORB is completely phosphate-free and can be reused after recharging.
We’ve proven how well NITRA-ZORB works in reducing ammonia and nitrite levels! Do you want to know how? Check out the Science Inside article here.
Directions: Rinse pouch under tap water. Place pouch in path of water flow in the aquarium filter. For a new aquarium or when ammonia or nitrite is detected: recharge every 5 days for the first month, and then every 2 weeks for the second month. For an established aquarium: recharge every 2 weeks. When nitrate is detected: recharge every 5 days until nitrate is reduced to 20ppm (mg/L) or less. Replace pouch after 2 months.
To recharge: Dissolve 4 tablespoons (80 g) of API® AQUARIUM SALT in 8 oz. (240 ml) of warm tap water. Soak pouch for 2 hours, then rinse lightly in tap water. When not in use, store pouch in recharging solution.